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2. Key Bindings

StumpWM is controlled entirely by keystrokes and Lisp commands. It mimics GNU Screen’s keyboard handling. StumpWM’s default prefix key is C-t.

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2.1 List of Default Keybindings

The following is a list of keybindings.

C-t d

Select the window with the corresponding digit d

C-t C-d

Pull the window with the corresponding digit d into the current frame

C-t n
C-t C-n
C-t Space

Go to the next window in the window list

C-t p
C-t C-p

Go to the previous window in the window list

C-t '

Go to a window by name

C-t "

Select a window from a list and focus the window.

C-t C-g

Abort the current command. This is useful if you accidentally hit C-t

C-t w

List all the windows

C-t i

Display information about the current window.

C-t f

Select a frame by number

C-t s

Split current frame vertically

C-t S

Split current frame horizontally

C-t k
C-t C-k

Sends a kill message to the current frame and the running program.

C-t K

Kills the current frame and running program; like a kill -9.

C-t c
C-t C-c

Run an X terminal; by default xterm

C-t e
C-t C-e

Run Emacs or raise it if it is already running.

C-t t

Sends a C-t to the frame; this is useful for applications like Firefox which make heavy use of C-t (in Firefox’s case, for opening a new tab). This is similar to how GNU screen uses C-a a.

C-t w
C-t C-w

Prints out a list of the windows, their number, and their name.

C-t b
C-t C-b

Banish the mouse point to the lower right corner of the screen.

C-t a
C-t C-a

Display the current time and date, much like the Unix command date.

C-t C-t

Switch to the last window to have focus in the current frame.

C-t !

Prompt for a shell command to run via ‘/bin/sh’. All output is discarded.

C-t R

If the screen is split into multiple frames, one split will be undone. If there is only one split, the effect will be the same as C-t Q.

C-t o

If the screen is split into multiple frames, focus shifts to the next frame, where it cycles to the right and then down; analogous to C-x o in Emacs.

C-t F

Display “Current Frame” in the frame which has focus.

C-t ;

Opens the input box. StumpWM commands can be run from here, and the input history moved through.

C-t :

Opens the input box, but all things typed in here will be sent to the Common Lisp interpreter where they will be ran as Lisp programs; thus, input should be valid Common Lisp.

C-t C-h
C-t ?

The help.

C-t -

Hide all frames and show the root window.

C-t Q

Removes all splits and maximizes the frame with focus.

C-t Up
C-t Down
C-t Left
C-t Right

Shift focus to an adjacent frame in the specified direction. C-t Up will shift focus up, if possible, C-t Down will shift downwards, etc.

C-t v

Prints out the version of the running StumpWM.

C-t #

Toggle the mark on the current window

C-t m
C-t C-m

Display the last message. Hitting this keybinding again displays the message before that, and so on.

C-t l
C-t C-l

redisplay the current window and force it to take up the entire frame.

C-t G

Display all groups and windows in each group. For more information see Groups.

C-t Fn

Jump to the corresponding group n. C-t F1 jumps to group 1 and so on.

C-t g g

Show the list of groups.

C-t g c

Create a new group.

C-t g n
C-t g C-n
C-t g SPC
C-t g C-SPC

Go to the next group in the list.

C-t g N

Go to the next group in the list and bring the current window along.

C-t g p
C-t g C-p

Go to the previous group in the list.

C-t g P

Go to the previous group in the list and bring the current window along.

C-t g '

Select a group by name or by number.

C-t g "

Select a group from a list and switch to it.

C-t g m

Move the current window to the specified group.

C-t g k

Kill the current group. All windows are merged into the next group.

C-t g A
C-t g r

Change the current group’s name.

C-t g d

Go to the group with digit d. C-t g 1 jumps to group 1 and so on.

C-t +

Make frames the same height or width in the current frame’s subtree.

C-t h k

Describe the specified key binding.

C-t h f

Describe the specified function.

C-t h v

Describe the specified variable.

C-t h w

List all key sequences that are bound to the specified command

C-t h c

Describe the specified command.

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2.2 Binding Keys

Function: define-key map key command

Add a keybinding mapping for the key, key, to the command, command, in the specified keymap. If command is nil, remove an exising binding. For example,

(stumpwm:define-key stumpwm:*root-map* (stumpwm:kbd "C-z") "echo Zzzzz...")

Now when you type C-t C-z, you’ll see the text “Zzzzz...” pop up.

Function: undefine-key map key

Clear the key binding in the specified keybinding.

Function: kbd keys

This compiles a key string into a key structure used by ‘define-key’, ‘undefine-key’, ‘set-prefix-key’ and others.

Command: set-prefix-key key

Change the stumpwm prefix key to KEY.

(stumpwm:set-prefix-key (stumpwm:kbd "C-M-H-s-z"))

This will change the prefix key to <Control> + <Meta> + <Hyper> + <Super> + the <z> key. By most standards, a terrible prefix key but it makes a great example.

Function: make-sparse-keymap

Create an empty keymap. If you want to create a new list of bindings in the key binding tree, this is where you start. To hang frame related bindings off C-t C-f one might use the following code:

(defvar *my-frame-bindings*
  (let ((m (stumpwm:make-sparse-keymap)))
    (stumpwm:define-key m (stumpwm:kbd "f") "curframe")
    (stumpwm:define-key m (stumpwm:kbd "M-b") "move-focus left")
    m ; NOTE: this is important

(stumpwm:define-key stumpwm:*root-map* (stumpwm:kbd "C-f") '*my-frame-bindings*)
Variable: *root-map*

This is the keymap by default bound to C-t. It is known as the prefix map.

Variable: *top-map*

The top level key map. This is where you’ll find the binding for the prefix map.

Variable: *groups-map*

The keymap that group related key bindings sit on. It is bound to C-t g by default.

Variable: *exchange-window-map*

The keymap that exchange-window key bindings sit on. It is bound to C-t x by default.

Command: bind key command

Hang a key binding off the escape key.

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2.3 Modifiers

Many users have had some difficulty with setting up modifiers for StumpWM keybindings. This is caused by a combination of how StumpWM handles modifiers and the default modifiers list for many users’ X servers.

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This document was generated by David Bjergaard on January 12, 2017 using texi2html 1.82.